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What to plant in the garden in June, feeding and processing of crops

What to plant in the garden in June, feeding and processing of crops


Garden plants

The troublesome spring months are over, during which you were preparing the beds for the growing season: digging, fertilizing, leveling, loosening, sowing seeds and planting seedlings. The first month of summer has come, but you will not be able to relax and just relax in the fresh air.
What kind of work do the gardeners have to do in June? Let's talk about this.

June garden chores

June is a time period that combines the features of both the spring and summer seasons, therefore, in June, the sowing and planting begun in the spring are continued, but some crops are already ripening, and they need to be harvested. Weeding and watering take a lot of time at this time.

We continue to sow and plant vegetables

On our website there is an article about what can be sown and planted in the garden in June, so just recall that in the first summer month it is not too late to sow cucumbers, early ripening varieties of cauliflower, onion and chives, winter radish, beets, carrots, and also plant seedlings of late cabbage, tomatoes, pumpkins, melons and watermelons on the beds.

Top dressing

In June, you can feed nightshade crops - tomatoes, peppers, potatoes and eggplants, but not with nitrogen fertilizers: at the beginning of the month, return frosts are still possible, and nitrogen lowers the winter hardiness of crops. From nitrate compounds, nightshades shed buds and ovaries, so transfer nitrogen fertilizing to a later time - towards the end of the month.

The rest of the vegetables with an interval of two weeks on a pre-moistened soil are fed with herbal infusion: the collected weeds and nettles are crushed, put into a barrel and poured with warm water to speed up the fermentation process. For plants, this composition is better than any mineral complexes. The herbal infusion is used both as root dressing and for processing plants by leaves. You can use a solution of yeast or fermented mullein as a fertilizer.

Working with the ground

Everything that was sown in the spring has already sprung up in June, and the seedlings planted in the beds in May got stronger and started growing. Now you need to make sure that the weeds do not clog the young plants. Having chosen a cloudy day, you need to weed the carrots, plant the seedlings of the beets, after which the beds should be watered abundantly. Potatoes must be weeded and hilled two weeks after germination, and if you find Colorado beetles on them, you need to collect both adults and larvae by hand.

The row spacing in the beds with onions and herbs must be loosened and weeded. Cabbage, cucumbers and tomatoes require weekly watering, and the soil around them needs to be loosened and cleaned of weeds.

Protection against diseases and pests

At the beginning of summer, all plants need protection from insects and infections, and it is advisable to do with ecological means. For example, you can treat plants from aphids with an ash and soap solution: two glasses of wood ash are infused in a bucket of water and 40 ml of liquid soap is added. You can spray tomatoes from late blight with a solution of 1 liter of milk whey in 9 liters of water with the addition of 10 drops of iodine.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia

Sections: Garden plants Gardening


Garden and garden work in June

A significant part of the work in the garden and in the garden in June is focused on sowing vegetable and flower seeds, planting seedlings and caring for existing plantings, which intensively form shoots and ovaries at the beginning of summer. Also, with the onset of June, work continues at the dacha related to the prevention of diseases in plants, pests and weeds are being combated, striving to fill the entire site after spring rains. However, the detailed calendar of work in the garden and in the garden in June is not limited to these events. What else should summer residents do in the first month of summer?

The beginning of summer days is a rather deceiving time in terms of weather conditions. The threat of frost has not yet passed, which means that every owner of a personal plot should now be attentive to forecasters' forecasts and changes in the environment. Sudden cold snaps, torrential rains and hail fallout pose a threat to the future harvest, so experienced gardeners and gardeners in June try to focus not only on meteorological forecasts, but also on ancient folk signs, on the behavior of birds, insects and plants that are sensitive to impending weather changes.


Summer work in the garden and vegetable garden

Plant seedlings. If it was supposed to grow tomatoes, peppers and eggplants in the open field without shelter, then it's time to send the seedlings to the beds - in the middle lane after June 5, there are no longer frosts. You can safely plant.

Sow seeds. Heat-loving crops such as cucumbers, squash, pumpkins, beans and corn can be sown outdoors after 25 May. But there is a risk - the seedlings can destroy the frost. And in the first ten days of June, there is no longer such a danger - you can safely embed seeds in the soil.

Plant potatoes. Traditionally, it is planted in the first ten days of May, but anything can happen - tubers from an online store came late, the weather did not allow planting in May, or suddenly they decided late - no big deal. Potatoes can be safely planted until June 10. Early varieties, planted in early summer, have time to harvest before the fall frosts.

Thin carrots. Carrots are traditionally sown densely, because the seeds are small and it is very difficult to sow them one by one. Therefore, at the beginning of summer, it is necessary to thin out the crops so that, as a result, 4 cm remains between the plants in the row.

By the way, it is not necessary to throw away the tucked-in excess carrots. Few people know, but they can be planted in a separate bed.

Make a furrow, and in it there are holes 8-10 cm deep at a distance of 4 cm from each other (they can be made with an ordinary stick). Then gently lower the plucked carrot into each hole so that the shoulders are just below ground level. Fill the plantings with a mixture of dry soil and ash, water the bed well, and then gently pull the tops so that the shoulders of the root crop are level with the ground - the root, if bent when planting, will straighten. If this is not done, the root vegetable can grow short and ugly.

Remove stepchildren from tomatoes. If the seedlings were planted in the garden at the beginning of May, under the shelter, then now it is time to pinch them. Lateral shoots should be removed as early as possible, until they have grown longer than 4 cm. The easiest way is to simply pinch them with your fingers so that a small stump remains (about 0.5 cm).

It is better to nurse tomatoes in the morning - in the afternoon, while it is warm, the wounds dry up and heal faster. After removing the lateral shoots of the plant, water cannot be watered for a day - again, so that the wounds heal better.

Feed the currants. This should be done in mid-June: 1 liter of mullein per 10 liters of water or 0.5 liters of bird droppings per 10 liters of water. Watering rate - 2 buckets per bush.

The rest of the berry bushes and fruit trees do not need feeding in June - they are given earlier.


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What to plant in the garden? Alternation of crops in a crop rotation.

Hello dear guests of the site!

Today I want to speculate on the topic what to plant in the garden and how best to do it.

Today, the most common vegetable crops are usually planted in the vegetable garden to provide a winter supply of basic mass-consumed foods such as potatoes, onions, carrots, cabbage, beets, tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini... It would be good to expand this circle of plants and add plants to the beds that are rich in vitamins of the K, B, PP groups - this is pepper, lettuce, spinach, basil, parsley, celery, tarragon, cauliflower... Do not forget about plants, which are powerful sources of phytoncides that destroy pathogens - these are onion, horseradish, radish, garlic, pepper.

The main guarantee of a good harvest is the maintenance of the soil in a state of optimal content of the necessary microelements. Therefore it is necessary to apply crop rotation in crop rotation Location on. Why is this necessary? Each plant needs its own unique set of microelements for its growth and development. Now imagine that this crop grows on the same bed for 2, 3 years in a row. I assure you that in the third year, even if you fertilize with organic matter and apply mineral fertilizing, your harvest will be meager, since you will still not be able to find the ideal soil composition for our plant. Therefore, every season you need to change the planting places of vegetables. How to do this with the best result has long been studied and there is a lot of information on the topic of crop rotation.

An article on " What to plant in the garden? "and how to conduct crop rotation in crop rotation I will continue in the next article.


Garden maintenance in June

  • At the very beginning of the month, it is necessary to take measures to protect against pests. During this period, apple moth.

As the saying goes: "it is better to know the enemy by sight":

For protection apple trees from the moth, aphids and other pests, use the preparations Antigusen + Boxwood, Match, Horus, Green Shield. Caterpillars your trees will not be disturbed if you spray with urea once every 2 weeks, but for plum trees, add a small amount of wood ash to the solution with urea.

Gooseberries, currants and other plants are often disturbed by aphids, moths, etc. Ash will help get rid of them. We pour it on the soil, treat the crowns with a solution of soap + ash.

Fungicides Horus, Ridomil Gold, Topaz are effective against powdery mildew on berry fields. A popular, but less effective method is treatment with soapy water and baking soda.

Trapping belts are more effective if fermented fruit juice is used as bait.

This is the effect we got on trees using similar traps:

  1. In early summer, the most important thing is abundant watering of the plants. This is especially true for currants, so that the berries are large and sweet.

Fruit trees water about 2 weeks after the flowering and ovary phase. If the trees do not get enough water, the amount of the crop, as well as the taste, will be significantly reduced.

Combine watering with fertilizing, especially for trees after the flowering phase.

For fertilizing trees, vegetables and fruit and berry crops, use mineral fertilizers for the vegetable garden of the HELPROST, Gumiteik and Oracle series.

Of course, you can prepare top dressing yourself, spreading bird droppings or manure, and then pouring it in the area of ​​the trunk circle. The volume is calculated by the age of the trees:

  • 3-4 years - 1 bucket
  • Older tree - 2 buckets
  • An old tree will need about 10 buckets of fertilizer

FROM berry growers everything is simpler: for 2 bushes - 1 bucket.

Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the active phase of flowering. Treat the plantings well with a solution: saltpeter (1 match box + water). Saltpeter can be replaced with urea (urea).

Remove overgrowth from raspberries, carefully thin out only the one that will not be useful in the future for reproduction.

Scheme for pruning berry bushes:

Berry bushes water in the morning, as the earth will dry out a little by noon, but do not flood! Too much moisture provokes the development of rot and fungal infections of the root system.

Grapesspray from mildew and oidium. The fungicides Blue Bordeaux, Bordeaux mixture, Horus, Topaz successfully cope with this.

We remove the excess branches, remove the shoots near the roots and tie up the vines.

Grape care scheme:

Trim hedges, willows, and lilacs. If, in the case of ornamental shrubs, you can cut the branches by 1/3, then cut the branches of lilacs that have already faded to the base.


What work is carried out in the garden and vegetable garden in June

June work in the garden

Thinning is carried out in the middle or at the end of June. This procedure is especially needed for beets, radishes and carrots. It is also necessary to remove the arrows from garlic, onions, carrots and beets.

In June, a lot of attention is paid to potatoes: they are weeded, hilled and beetles are harvested or chemically treated. In the first month of summer, late seedlings of cabbage, peppers, and tomatoes are planted.

You can re-plant radishes, dill, salads, arugula, spinach in June. Also sown radish, carrots and daikon for winter storage.

Loosening of the soil is carried out in June. Particular attention should be paid to loosening the beds with tomatoes and cucumber holes.

Often in June, fertilizers are applied for various crops, since during this period there is an active growth and preparation for fruiting. And cabbage and tomatoes should be treated with wood ash from pests almost immediately after planting.

June work in the garden

In the first summer month, you need to pay attention to berry bushes. In raspberries, remove excess young shoots and shoots, finally form bushes. Gooseberries and currants at this time can be propagated using cuttings.

The strawberry and strawberry beds are loosened, watered, fed and covered with mulch. Watering the bushes is recommended early in the morning. Unnecessary whiskers are removed for better fruiting.

In fruit trees, crown formation is recommended in June. Remove new unnecessary shoots. It is also worth making a pest trapping belt on each tree. Various dressings are carried out to accelerate the ripening of the crop and improve its quality.

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