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A detailed description of the grape variety is great

A detailed description of the grape variety is great


Lovers of viticulture annually discover new varieties that can surprise with both the appearance of appetizing berries and their taste. One of the best new varieties is Velika. In addition, he can create a shady corner in your area where you can take shelter from the summer heat. When the berries begin to ripen, in such a place you can perfectly relax and replenish the supply of vitamins. Further details about the description.

Description of Velika grapes

Velika was bred in Bulgaria towards the beginning of the 1990s. Ivan Todorov bred it by crossing two varieties:

  • Bulgarians;
  • Alphonse Lavalle.

The best palatability has been passed on from the parent varieties. Velika is a mid-early grape, the fruits of which begin to ripen by the end of August. If we take the average, then the berries begin to ripen after 150 days from the moment the buds appear on the plant. In our region, ripening may be delayed (starts around mid-September).

Art, very often restraining rootstocks are used. The leaves are rounded, dissected. By autumn, they become bright red in color. The flowers are bisexual. This makes it unnecessary to plant a pollinator nearby.

The yield is very good, one bush can produce up to 10 kg of ripe berries. On the replacement kidneys, brushes are also formed, but their size is much smaller. Suitable for industrial cultivation.

Characteristics of berries

Velika is an excellent table grape. The berries are large enough, weighing up to 14 grams, elongated. In maturity, they are blue, with a slightly noticeable shade of burgundy.

The taste of this variety is simply excellent. Sweet and very juicy berries will not leave anyone indifferent. Some people compare the taste of Veliki to the taste of ripe cherries. The berries are covered with a dense skin, inside it is juicy pulp and only one bone.

Even in rainy weather, Velika does not crack. In addition, this variety does not have a tendency to peas. The sugar content in berries is 19 grams per 100 cubic centimeters, and the acidity is up to 6 grams per liter. Ripe fruits are not attacked by wasps, they tolerate transportation well over long distances and are perfectly stored in a cool place for a long time.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

At first glance, Velika has only one advantage. However, is it really so? Certainly, berries of a very large size, perfectly tolerant of transportation and suitable for long-term fresh storage, attract attention. Moreover, they are resistant to cracking. You can also sell the harvested crop in winter. What else can a winegrower dream of?

The Velika bush grows very strongly and requires constant shaping and pruning. This quality can rather be attributed to disadvantages. In addition, this variety has an average resistance to the most common diseases and pests. It should also be noted that the plant is not hardy and needs shelter for the winter.

Planting seedlings

Saplings for planting must be dug up in the autumn. At the same time, one should try to preserve the root system. A good seedling can be considered the one whose shoots give an increase of more than 30 centimeters. In addition, the plant must have 3 roots.

In the middle lane, seedlings are planted mainly in the spring. Until that time, they need to be saved, tied in bundles and sent to the wintering place. If possible, it is better to choose annual plants for planting. They take root better and get sick the least in a new place.

The roots of the seedling should be firm and in no case frostbitten. The length of the vine itself can be any, the main thing is that the roots are more than 12 centimeters.

For planting Velika grapes, in no case should you choose areas with closely located groundwater.... If there is no choice, then you first need to fill in the ridge, providing a distance to the water of at least 1.5 meters. Clay or peat soil is absolutely not suitable for vineyard cultivation. It is best to plant them on gravel soil or on sand.

The preparation of the site for the future vineyard begins at least a couple of months before the direct planting. This is due to the fact that after planting, the soil tends to sag and the roots of the plant end up in voids. When settling the soil in a natural way, this trouble will no longer be terrible.

Velika prefers slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soil. It should be planted when the threat of spring frosts has passed and a stable positive temperature is established. A hole is dug with a size of 60 * 60, and the depth is made up to 1 meter. The distance between seedlings should not be less than 2 meters. Otherwise, the plantings will be thickened, which is fraught not only with poor ripening of fruits, but also with the development of fungal diseases.

Before planting, the bottom of the pit is covered with pebbles or gravel. Then the remaining space is filled with a mixture of pebbles, sand and fertile soil. A layer of humus is poured on top. If desired, you can immediately apply mineral fertilizers.

Care of young and mature vines

A few months after planting, Velika needs to be molded... Initially, only a couple of shoots are left from one seedling, from which a bush will subsequently form. Preference should be given only to the strongest and, if possible, located closer to the ground.

When watering, you need to take into account the amount of rainfall that falls in your area. Grapes love moisture, but too much moisture can lead to the death of the root system. It is better to irrigate in the morning, when the sun has not yet risen high and moisture evaporation is minimal.

As for fertilizers, young seedlings need nitrogen, potassium and carbon most of all. You can also use organics to fertilize the vineyards.

The break between dressings should be at least a month, and the final one is usually done in mid-August.

Reproduction methods

Velika grapes can be propagated in a wide variety of ways. All you need is to choose the most affordable and suitable one. You can buy ready-made seedlings, use unrooted cuttings, cuttings or elongated cuttings.

It is best for a novice grower to purchase ready-made seedlings. In addition, in this way, the planted bush will develop faster and better, and will soon begin to bear fruit. Only it is not always possible to purchase ready-made material of the desired grade. In this case, in practice, reproduction by bends or shanks is most often used. It is enough just to find a person who is engaged in the cultivation of Velika grapes, and ask him to make a branch or at the right time to cut off a few cuttings for rooting.

The method of grafting to strong varieties is also used. During the period of activation of sap flow, it is necessary to make a scion at a distance of about 0.5 meters from the ground and make a strong strapping. In this case, the quality of the future harvest will directly depend on the quality of the operation performed.

Diseases and pests

Velika has an average resistance to diseases and pests, therefore it needs preventive treatment... It is necessary to use solutions of fungicides that help prevent the appearance of fungal diseases. Processing is carried out in several stages. At the same time, it is advisable to alternate drugs (for example, "Switch", "Horus", etc.).

After trimming the bushes and falling leaves, all debris and waste must be removed from the site. Otherwise, they can become a source of spread of diseases.

To combat this or that disease of grapes, individual preparations have been developed and are effectively used. As soon as the first signs of damage appear on the plant, you need to immediately treat it with the right solution.

The main harm to the ripe crop is caused by wasps. However, you will not be saved from them by processing, therefore it is advisable to set traps, and also wear nylon stockings on the brushes.

The Velika grapes have already gained immense popularity among winegrowers. It is grown not only on private property, but also on an industrial scale. Delicious and juicy berries are consumed mainly fresh, but they can also be used for processing. The taste qualities of this variety make you forget even that the plant causes some trouble when growing.


Great

Ripening period early-middle (125-135 days)
Flower functionality female
Bunch mass 600-1000 g
Berry mass 10-15 g
Taste harmonious
Bushes very vigorous
Frost resistance -22 ° C
Disease resistance above average.

Pros and cons

The hybrid has a lot of advantages:

  • Delicious and aromatic berries.
  • High productivity.
  • A full-fledged bunch without crumbling.
  • Grows quickly, in a short period of time the bush is ready to bear fruit.
  • Wasps do not damage the crop, as they cannot bite through the thick skin of the berries.

The main disadvantage of the variety is its weak immunity to diseases affecting grapes.


Variety reviews

Last year, the summer was hot, so "prunes" appeared already at ripening, and the year before last it was not so hot, and I didn't really feel this aftertaste at the time of ripening.

Kamyshaninhttp://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=1262&page=13

Velika clearly succeeded in pollination this year, the bunches are full. But already a little grabbed the oidium! Its resistance, of course, is not high, especially to powdery mildew, but still I consider this variety one of the most delicious among all, and I have already tried them ... I'm even afraid to guess how many!

Evgeny Polyaninhttp://vinforum.ru/index.php?topic=179.0

Velika is a Bulgarian variety, which means it was conceived as very technological, i.e. excluding as many unnecessary operations as possible, including rationing. And load it like Arkady is unlikely to succeed. But Velika takes not yield, but the highest marketability (and taste too).

Labanov Victorhttp://vinforum.ru/index.php?topic=179.60

For me, if God willing, next year they will bear fruit in full two Velika bushes of their own. Of the features, the vine accelerates for a very long time, in the sense that the beginning of the growing season is not shaky, not roll, but then the growth becomes powerful. In the school, it does not differ in gigantism either. As for diseases, I did not get sick with three occupational treatments. For the second growing season, one of the bushes gave out a signal bunch and a stepchild. The berry is very large, four and a half centimeters long, heavy, with a very dense, crispy pulp, with a very high sugar accumulation, almost black in color. The wasp is practically not damaged, the berry does not lose its qualities to the last.

Igor E.http://www.vinograd7.ru/forum/viewtopic.php?f=70&t=3063&sid=f1ca4b2b9f87036a9a472062de9a8b47&start=30

So far, I haven’t got anything great with the Great One. There are a lot of tops, and the clusters are small, the berry is really large and tasty. But there is still no harvest, there are no decent bunches. In general, there is nothing to bring to the market ...

Vladimir Karkoshkinhttp://lozavrn.ru/index.php?topic=438.0

Everything about the “Velika” grape variety, from the peculiarities of cultivation to photos and reviews about it

Selection "Alphonse lavalle" and "karaburna" (bulgarian)
Ripening period Mid-early
Bunch mass 600-1000g.
Berry mass 15g.
Yield 9-10 kg. from the bush
Taste Intensely sweet with a touch of ripe cherry
Bush Vigorous
Frost resistance -22C.
Disease resistance Weak

Having decided to plant grapes in a summer cottage, I want to choose a variety that has tasty fruits, a good harvest and is easy to care for. It is worth paying attention to the “great” hybrid, having familiarized yourself with the description, main characteristics, cultivation characteristics, with photos and reviews about it.

Pros and cons

The hybrid has a lot of advantages:

  • Delicious and aromatic berries.
  • High productivity.
  • A full-fledged bunch without crumbling.
  • Grows quickly, in a short period of time the bush is ready to bear fruit.
  • Wasps do not damage the crop, as they cannot bite through the thick skin of the berries.

The main disadvantage of the variety is its weak immunity to diseases affecting grapes.

Description

The red table grape variety "Velika" comes from Bulgaria. Breeder Ivan Todorov crossed the French grapes Alphonse Lavalle and the Karaburna (Bulgarians) vine from Asia Minor. A new species was obtained in 1987 and only ten years later it was included in the State Register of Bulgaria.

The parents of "velik" are "alphonse lavalle" and "karaburna"

The resulting hybrid on the bush has large berries, so the breeder named the new variety "great" (large).

It was brought to Russia in 2006 and is rapidly spreading.

Main characteristics

For its qualities, the "Velika" grape is highly valued among professional winegrowers and amateur gardeners. It is also worth noting a few other good varieties such as "original", "crystal" and "chocolate".

Ripening period

"Velika" refers to mid-early ripening varieties. Depending on climatic conditions, the period from the beginning of flowering to ripe berries ranges from 130 to 140 days. Ripe berries can stay on the bush for a long time without losing their attractive appearance.

Bush

"Velika" is recognizable by its large size. The vines grow very quickly, so the formation of the bush is carried out already in the first year of life, three to four months after planting. A bush is formed into two sleeves, leaving 12-14 eyes on each. Also, two horns with 4 - 5 eyes are left on the sleeves.

Excessive growth of the bush is regulated by grafting a rootstock grape to the root. The growth of green mass is inhibited, and also contributes to an increase in yield.

Bunches

The massive bunch has a conical shape up to 20 centimeters long and up to 15 centimeters wide. The weight of one bunch is 600 - 1000 grams. But there are specimens weighing up to 1500 grams.

Berries

Large berries up to 25 millimeters wide and up to 39 millimeters long have an elongated oval shape with a slightly pointed top. The weight of one berry is about 15 grams. Ripe berries are dark blue or deep purple with a burgundy hue.

The crispy, dense pink flesh is covered with a thick elastic, but not tough skin, which protects the berries from wasps and mechanical damage and does not affect the taste. The skin is coated with a natural wax coating, which provides additional protection for the fruit. When ripe, the berries do not crack.

The pulp contains small seeds.

Ripe berries contain 16 - 19% sugar.

Taste

Bright, rich-sweet taste with a hint of ripe cherries, not cloying.

Growing features

To obtain a good harvest, proper care is required during the entire period of grape development.

Pruning

Correct coinage is the key to a good harvest

The first pruning is carried out during the formation of the bush, leaving the two healthiest shoots (sleeves). Then pruning is carried out annually in the spring or fall. In the summer, stepchildren are cleaned.

Disease and pest resistance

The “great” grape variety has little disease resistance and is susceptible to various diseases:

The main pest of grapes is phylloxera, or the devastating aphid. It begins to destroy the roots, the yield drops, and if severely affected by phylloxera, the plant may die.

Do I need to cover?

"Velika" does not apply to frost-resistant grape varieties, therefore, if in winter the temperature drops below -22 degrees, it is necessary to take care of the shelter of the grapes for the winter. For covering, slate, plywood, hay, mulch or artificial covering materials are used.

One of the ways to shelter grapes for the winter is slate

Qualitatively sheltered for the winter, the vine can withstand temperatures up to -30 degrees.

How long can a crop last?

The harvested crop is stored for a long time in a cool room. The fruits are not prone to rotting, retain the same taste during storage.

Thanks to the dense skin of the berries, they are well transported without damage and loss of presentation.

Regions

The “Velika” grape is a thermophilic plant, which is most widespread in the southern regions of Russia. There it is grown in garden plots and on an industrial scale for commercial purposes, as it is in demand among buyers due to its excellent taste.

Amateur gardeners are mastering the cultivation of the variety in the Moscow region and other regions of Central Russia.

The variety is not suitable for cultivation in more northern regions, since it does not tolerate persistent long-term frosts.

Comparison with analogues

Great grapes are very similar to several other varieties in taste and ripening time. But at the same time its distinctive features are rapid growth and very large brushes. Let's consider in more detail in the comparative table.

Sign Variety
Great Rochefort Augustine Delight
Ripening period 110-120 days 95-110 days 115-125 days 110-120 days
Frost resistance Down to -22 ° C -15-18 ° C -22-24 ° C Down to -25 ° C
Productivity from a bush 10 Kg 10-15 kg Up to 60 kg 30-50 kg
Bunches 600-1000 g 300-400 g 400-500 g 500-700 g
Taste Intensely sweet with a touch of ripe cherry Muscat flavor and aroma Aroma of nutmeg Muscat aftertaste and aroma
Color Dark blue Dark blue Green yellow White
Disease resistance Weak Average Average High
Shelf life Several months 2 months 2-3 weeks on the bush 2-3 months
Sugar content 16-19% 14,80% 17-19% 19-26%
Acidity 5-9 g / l 5.6 g / l 6-7 g / l 5-9 g / l

Photo

Next, check out the photos of the variety.

Testimonials

Astafiev Alexey Evgenievich, Gelendzhik

Demina Varvara Pavlovna, Volgograd

Victor, Vologda region

The grapes of the Velika variety are loved by gardeners for their excellent taste. In order for it to please with a good harvest, it is necessary to protect the plant from diseases and pests and keep it from freezing in winter.

Useful video

The author of the video will introduce you to the great table grape variety, tell you about the main properties, the method of cultivation and the fight against diseases.


Difficulties of growing

Due to their tendency to fungal diseases, grapes require careful maintenance. This variety must be planted in well ventilated areas. Watering should be done in moderation. Excess moisture is harmful to the root system of Velika grapes. With frequent and volumetric watering, the first symptoms of fungal infections quickly appear on the plant. To prevent such problems, it is necessary to use solutions based on fungicides. Until possible problems arise, the plant is processed in three consecutive stages. Spraying is carried out with the use of drugs: "Switch", "Horus", etc. The protective effect is enhanced when they alternate.

In addition to the main function, the fight against the formation of fungal diseases, these drugs are able to strengthen the weak to overload areas of plant branches.

Quality seedling of the Velika variety

The grapes are propagated by grafting into strong varieties. Periods of active movement of sap in the plant are considered favorable conditions for such manipulations. During these periods, the branches of the grapes only turn green. Grafting is carried out at a distance of more than half a meter above the ground. You can do this with adult cuttings. An important condition that must be met is a strong harness. The junction of the two cuttings is tightly tied with clamps, wire or pieces of fabric. But before that, it is important to prepare the base of the scion. At this point, part of the bark is removed manually with a knife. As a result, a notch appears, which serves as a point of contact. But before planting grapes, it must be treated with garden var. Correctly performed operation allows you to get a crop for 2-3 years. The better you vaccinate, the larger and better the harvested berries will be.

Velika's shoots must be tied up so that they do not break off under the weight of the bunches

Bred in Bulgaria, this grape is very popular with professional growers and hobbyists. It is often compared with the equally well-known varieties "Kodryanka" and "Nadezhda AZOS". Their similarity to foreign grapes is due to the shape and color of the berries. But all other characteristics are completely different from each other. When external comparison of "Velika" and "Codryanka", you can see that the first has a large size of its brushes and berries. But all this can be disputed.

Improper care and cold climatic conditions affect not only the taste, but also the external characteristics of the variety.

In warm climates, this grape has a 17% sugar content of its berries and an acidity of 5.05 g / l. With insufficient sunshine, the first indicator can drop to 15%. In understandable words, this means that the berries, when fully ripe, will be less sweet and juicy. The yield also suffers under these conditions.


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